Glaucoma is a condition characterized by damage to the eye’s optic nerve. Glaucoma causes vision loss and even blindness if left untreated. It is a leading cause of blindness worldwide, affecting over 60 million people. Understanding what causes glaucoma can help you recognize the signs and get early treatment. It’s why January has been designated as Glaucoma Awareness Month.
What Are the Symptoms That Glaucoma Causes?
Early detection is key to preventing vision loss from glaucoma. Knowing the signs and symptoms can help you get treatment in California before damage occurs. Symptoms of glaucoma may include:
- Blurry vision
- Loss of peripheral vision
- Seeing halos around lights
- Eye pain, redness, or irritation
- Nausea or vomiting
- Adjusting to dim lighting
What Causes Glaucoma?
Glaucoma occurs when fluid pressure builds up in the eye, damaging the optic nerve. That happens because of a breakdown in the drainage system that allows fluid to escape from the eye. The increased pressure can cause vision loss, and if left untreated, it can lead to severe damage and permanent blindness.
Several factors can contribute to the buildup of pressure in the eye, including:
- Genetics – A family history of glaucoma increases your risk.
- Age – Glaucoma is more common in people over 55.
- Medical Issues – Conditions such as diabetes, sickle cell anemia, or high blood pressure can increase your risk.
- Eye Injuries – Trauma to the eye can damage the drainage system, leading to glaucoma.
- Race – African Americans and Hispanics are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma.
- Medications – Some medications, such as corticosteroid medicines, can increase your risk for glaucoma.
- Other Diseases or Disorders – Diseases such as thyroid disease or degenerative retinal diseases can increase your risk.
An Eye Exam Is the Best Way to Diagnose Glaucoma
Understanding what symptoms glaucoma causes and taking steps to reduce your risk is important. Regular eye exams are one of the best ways to detect glaucoma early and get treatment. Early diagnosis can help you keep your vision and prevent the loss of sight. For more health information and advice, visit us at The Benefits Store today.